There are 13 missions in Baja California, representing the influence of the Jesuits, Franciscans and Dominicans in the ethnic groups of the peninsula.
The Cucapá, Pai Pai, Kiliwa, Kumiai and Cochimi were completely involved in the missional era and today we can appreciate that heritage through their every day living. These sites are found in a conservation state that range from a historical site without vestige, simple adobe murals, to well preserved and functioning buildings.
These two sites can be visited on guided tours or individually, due to their state of conservation and quick access.
MISION DE SANTA GERTRUDIS LA MAGNA 1752 – 1822
MISION DE SAN FRANCISCO DE BORJA DE ADAC 1762 -1823
VIEW OF MISION SAN BORJA
MISSIONS AND MISSIONARY VISITAS 1752 – 1849
Jesuit (J) - Franciscan (F) - Dominican (D)
Misión de Santa Gertrudis La Magna 1752-1822 (J)
Misión de San Francisco de Borja de Adac 1762-1818 (J)
Misión de Santa María de Los Ángeles Cabujacaamang 1767-1769 (J)
Misión de San Fernando Rey de España de Velicatá 1769-1818 (F)
Misión de Nuestra Señora del Santísimo Rosario de Viñadaco 1774-1832 (D)
(Relocated 2 miles to the west in 1802)
Misión de Santo Domingo de Guzmán 1775-1839 (D)
(Relocated 2 miles to the east in 1793)
Misión de San Vicente Ferrer 1780-1833 (D)
Misión de San Miguel Arcángel de La Frontera 1787-1834 (D)
(Relocated 7 miles to the west in 1788)
Misión de Santo Tomas de Aquino 1791-1849 (D)
(Relocated twice 1 mile to the northeast in 1794 and later 2 miles to the east in 1799)
Misión de San Pedro Mártir de Verona 1794-1806 (D)
(Relocated 7 miles to the south until 2,000 meters less of altitude after three months)
Misión de Santa Catalina de Sena Virgen y Mártir 1797-1840 (D)
Misión El Descanso 1810-1834 (D)
(Also known as “San Miguel Nuevo”, relocated 1/2 mile to the north in 1830)
Misión de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe del Norte 1834-1840 (D)
During the missionary era the so called Visitas or Estancias were built, which were rest stops and belonged to a head mission that had a chapel, habitants and functioned as missions without a resident priest.
Like Missions, Visitas were founded near water springs and ranches, where food was cultivated in order to support all the mission’s land, the priests visited these and could carry out his functions according to the necessities.
Long after the missional system finalized, some locals and writers believed that the ruins of Visitas were missions.
Visita de San Pablo (belongs to Misión de Santa Gertrudis la Magna, Located on B.C.S. land)
Visita de Santa Ana (belongs to Misión de San Francisco de Borja de Adac)
Visita de Calamajue (belongs to Misión de Santa María de Los Ángeles de Cabujacaamang
Visita de San Juan de Dios (belongs to Misión de San Fernando Rey de España de Velicatá)
Visita de San Isidoro (belongs to Misión de San Pedro Mártir de Verona)
Visita de San Telmo (belongs to Misión de San Pedro Mártir de Verona)